The main function of massage therapy is to manipulate the muscles, tendons, ligaments and the connective tissues. The process enhances the person’s health and well-being. The end products of massage include; stress and anxiety reduction, relaxation of muscles, rehabilitation of injuries, reduction of pain and promotion of overall health and wellness of a person. Another end product is the stimulation of circulation and body system tonification.
Massage accomplishes the functions by manipulating the soft tissues specifically the muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The hands are the tools used by the therapist in order for him or her to identify the patients physical and emotional needs. For a therapist to know the conditions of the tissues and the sources of pain, he or she strokes the massages the patient’s body with hisher hands. There are two main working mechanisms of massage. The first one is the mechanical action that occurs when the muscles and the soft tissues are moved using the stretching momentums and pressures. During this process, the acids and deposits are eliminated, and as a result, fibrous tissues are broken, and stiff joints loosened.
Reflex method is the second mechanism, and it entails treating a part of the body and other parts of the body are treated in the process. Pulses travel from one part of the body to the other through the nervous system, and hence this is made possible. This mechanism works in such a way that, a therapist can apply pressure on the patients back to treat leg problems. Therapeutic massage concentrates mostly on health restoration while relaxation massage aims at relaxing the individual.
Many different types of massage therapy exist. Examples are pregnancy, sport, reflexology, deep tissue and hot stone massages. All these are different and since therapeutic needs vary from person-to-person and from day-to-day, different people require different types of massages. A person needs to identify and understand the different procedures applied during the different massage for them to identify the best massage type they can go for.
Gentle massage induces relaxation and a sense of well-being to the patient. This is a result of stimulation of nerve endings in the skin. For the person to have the feel-good sensation, the nerves release the endorphins and inhibits the stress hormones. The stronger massage works more on the circulatory system. They enhance oxygen and nutrient supply to tissues thereby relaxing them. Strong massage works on the lymphatic system which in turn transports the waste products away from the tissues. The end result of the massage therapy is enhancing a person’s well-being.